Equine Nutrition Quiz

(Write your answers down on a piece of paper--answers below--don't peek!)

1. Is a
high fat (over 6%) diet a good choice for my horse?
a) yes
b) no
c) only if the horse has PSSM or EPSM
d) only if the horse needs to gain weight
2. The best source of omega fatty acids that is closest to the profile in grass is?
a) rice bran
b) corn oil
c) flax
d) wheat bran
e) none of  the above
3. Why is a diet of 100% alfalfa not a good choice for a horse?
a) will always exceed crude protein  requirements
b) excess protein likely contributes to enteroliths.
c) high calcium levels make it difficult to balance minerals
d) risk of kidney stones
e) all of the above
4. When do you need to supplement Vit E ?
a) if your hay is older than a year old
b) when your horse has no access to fresh grass/pasture
c)  if your horse is over 15 years old
d) if your horse's coat is looking dull & scraggly
e) if your horse doesn't get any sun
5. What is the most over supplemented mineral in the equine diet?
a) copper
b) magnesium
c) calcium
d) iron
e) manganese
6. What is possibly the most under supplemented mineral in commercial equine feeds?
a) sodium
b) potassium
c) phosphorus
d) iron
e) magnesium
7. Which of these is most effective for control of sand accumulation in the gut?
a) psyllium
b) wheat bran
c) water
d) flax
e) a & c

8. True or False: Bermuda hay always has a low sugar content.

9. Horses without access to pasture should be fed:
a) once a day
b) as frequently as possible
c) twice a day
d) free choice hay
10. The best way to assure that your horse gets the minerals he/she requires is to:
a) provide free-choice minerals
b) test your hay & provide the minerals needed to meet the deficiencies & balance the excesses in your hay
c) buy a vitamin-mineral supplement with the most vitamins & minerals
d) supplement your hay with a complete pelleted feed
e) get a hair analysis & work from there
11. True or False: All horses require some type of electrolyte supplement in the summer

12. An 1100 pound horse requires the following amount of sodium a day to meet maintenance requirements:
a) 10 grams
b)  5 grams
c)  20 grams
d) horses don't need extra sodium
13. What electrolyte is very rich in all forages and rarely needs to be supplemented?
a) potassium
b) sodium
c) chloride
d) bicarbonate
14. The best source of iodine for your horse is :
a) a mineral block
b) seaweed/kelp with a guaranteed analysis
c) free choice minerals
d) 1-2 ounces of iodized table salt
e) sea salt

15. The most efficient source of energy for your horse is:
a) fat
b) protein
c) glucose
d) amino acids
e) triglycerides
16. Which 500 kg horse has the higher energy requirements?
a)  mare in light work
b) stallion
c) gelding in moderate work
d) lactating mare
e) pregnant mare
17. A  dry, faded, bleached coat is usually a sign of:
a) bad genes
b) copper/zinc deficiency & imbalance
c) not enough sodium
d) not enough Vit D
e) too much sun

18. Anemia in an adult horse (that is not caused by blood loss) is more than likely caused by:
a) an iron deficiency
b) a copper deficiency
c) not enough grain in the diet
d) eating dirt
e) dewormers

19. The signs of a magnesium deficiency are:
a) much like the symptoms of  EPSM/PSSM
b) irritability
c) twitching or spasming muscles
d) reluctance to canter
e) all of the above
20. True or false? A good rule of thumb is to feed a horse between 1.5% to 2% of its body weight daily.

1. b
2. c
3. e
4. b
5. d
6. a
7. e
8. false
9. b and/or  d
10. b
11. false
12. a
13. a
14. b
15. c
16. d
17. b
18. b
19. e
20. true

If you missed more than 4 questions you really should consider taking Dr. Kellon's basic nutrition course "NRC  Plus"
If you answered all of the questions correctly....trust me ....you'll still be amazed at what you learn from the NRC Plus course.
Return to Shotgun Ranch